APA Style: Seventh Edition

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Indian Journal of Economics and Development

ISSS 2277-5412; EISSN 2322-0430

Citation and Listing of References
APA Seventh Edition

Journal Article (with DOI)

Arti, P., & Leua, A. (2015). Farm Specific Technical Efficiency and Potential Output of Banana Crops in South Gujarat. Indian Journal of Economics and Development, 18(2), 445-449. https://doi.org/10.35716/IJED/21007

 

Journal Article

(without DOI)

Kumar, R., Jain, S., Meena, L.K., & Sen, C. (2015). Resource use efficiency and constraints in production and marketing of tissue culture and sucker propagated banana in Uttar Pradesh (India). International Journal of Agricultural Science and Research, 5(5), 1-10.

 

Journal Article

(with 7 authors)

Grewai, P., Bains, A., Gill, J.S., Grover, K., Singh, M., Mann, B.S., & Bains, K.K. (2015). Farm specific technical efficiency and potential output of banana crops in South Gujarat. Indian Journal of Economics and Development, 18(2), 445-449. https://doi.org/10.35716/IJED/21007

 

Journal Article

(with more than 8 authors)

Grewai, P., Bains, A., Gill, J.S., Grover, K., Singh, M., Mann, B.S., ... Kang, M.S. (2015). Resource use efficiency and constraints in production and marketing of tissue culture and sucker propagated banana in Uttar Pradesh (India). International Journal of Agricultural Science and Research, 5(5), 1-10.

 

Book

Gill, J. (2003). Marketing of farm products. New Delhi: Cambridge University Press India Pvt Ltd.

 

Edited Book with No Author

Pandey, E. E. (Ed.) (2015). Fundamental of production functions. New Delhi: Cambridge University Press India Pvt Ltd.

 

Chapter in an

Edited Book

Pandey, E.E., Mandal, V. (2015). Marketing of grapes in Bihar. In S.D. Sohi & S.S. Gill (Eds.), Fundamental of production functions. New Delhi: Cambridge University Press India Pvt Ltd.

 

e-Book from an e-Reader

Eggers, D. (2008). The circle [Kindle Version]. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/

 

Online Newspaper

Article

Ghoshal, S. (2012, February 10). Farmers' Facebook as crisis pokes: Site helps peasants discuss prices and plan strategy. Economic Times. http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/content/347883/farmers-facebook-as-crisis-pokes/.

 

Webpage with

Author and Date

Acharya, V., & Vij, S. (2016, November 19). Foreign currency borrowing of corporations as carry trades: Evidence from India. Retrieved from https://www.nseindia.com/research/content/1516_BS5.pdf.

 

Webpage with a Group or Corporate Author

Distribution Technology Ltd. (2015, May 19). Dynamic planner risk profiler. https://www.pallantindependent.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/ 11/Dynamic-Planner-Risk-Questionnaire-SINGLE-CLIENT.pdf.

 

Webpage with No

Author

IBEF. (2019, June 19). Indian economy. IBEF India brand equity foundation. Retrieved from https://www.ibef.org/news/ecb-approvals-to-go-up-to-us-40-bn-in-fy19.

 

Technical and Research Reports with author

Gill, K.S. (1991). Marketing of mango in Punjab (Report No. 3). Department of Economics and Sociology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana.

 

Technical and Research Reports without author

Agro-Economic Research Centre. (1991). Impact evaluation of farm debt waiver scheme on farmers livelihood in Punjab (AERC Study No. 47). Agro-Economic Research Centre, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. http://aercpau.com/assets/docs/AERC%2047.pdf

 

Thesis/Dissertation Print

1.      Chahal, S.S. (1989). An economic analysis of milk marketing in Punjab (Doctoral dissertation). Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana.

 

2.      Chahal, S.S. (1981). An economic analysis of tomato marketing problems in Punjab (Master's thesis). Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana.

 

Online Thesis/Dissertation

Kaur, A.P. (2017). Impact of international migration on women left behind: A sociological study of Kambojs (Doctoral dissertation). Panjab University, Chandigarh (India). http://hdl.handle.net/10603/209550.

 

Paper in a Conference/Symposium

1.    Kaur, G., Gill, S.S., & Singh, N.P. (2010, February 7-9). Adoption gaps in paddy cultivation in Punjab-cost involved and returns thereof. Paper presented at 13th Punjab Science Congress. Punjab University, Chandigarh.

 

2.    Williams, J., & Seary, K. (2010). Bridging the divide: Scaffolding the learning experiences of the mature age student. In J. Terrell (Ed.), Making the links: Learning, teaching and high quality student outcomes. Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the New Zealand Association of Bridging Educators (pp. 104-116). Wellington, New Zealand.

 

 

Conference paper (online)

1.    Cannan, J. (2008). Using practice based learning at a dual-sector tertiary institution: A discussion of current practice. In R. K. Coll, & K. Hoskyn (Eds.), Working together: Putting the cooperative into cooperative education. Conference proceedings of the New Zealand Association for Cooperative Education, New Plymouth, New Zealand. Retrieved from http://www.nzace.ac.nz/conferences/papers/ Proceedings_2008.pdf.

 

2.    MacColl, F., Ker, I., Huband, A., Veith, G., & Taylor, J. (2009, November 12-13). Minimising pedestrian-cyclist conflict on paths. Paper presented at the Seventh New Zealand Cycling Conference, New Plymouth, New Zealand. Retrieved from http://cyclingconf.org .nz/system/files/NZCyclingConf09_2A_MacColl_PedCycleConflicts.pdf.

 

YouTube Video

The Society of Economics and Development. (2021, June 15). Guidelines for the preparation of an article. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y5-FhJVMkRM&t=38s

Brochure/Pamphlet with author

Tamihana, B. (2007). Gambling health promotion: Mate petipetiwhakapikihauora [Brochure]. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Best Care (Whakapai Hauora) Charitable trust.

Brochure/Pamphlet without author

Ageing well: How to be the best you can be [Brochure]. (2021). Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Health.

Software (including apps)

UBM Medica. (2010). iMIMS (Version1.2.0) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from http://itunes.apple.com

IN-TEXT CITATION


One work by One Author

     1.      Gill (2003) found that the results were contradictory.

     2.      The study results were contradictory (Chahal, 2003).

One work by

Two Authors

  1. Grover and Singh (2009) discovered that the results were contradictory.

     2.  The study results were contradictory (Grover & Singh, 2019)

Three or More Authors

     1. Dhillon et al. (2009) discovered that the results were contradictory.

     2. The results were contradictory (Grover et al., 2019)

No Author

The study results were contradictory (“Study on marketing”, 2021).

Work with No

Date

Badaisha (n.d.) discovered that the results were contradictory.

Abbreviating

Organizations

First reference: (Food and Agriculture Organisation [FAO], 2021)

All subsequent references: (FAO, 2021)